Your Comprehensive Birth Defects Prevention Guide

  1. Preventing Birth Defects
  2. Improving Care for Individuals with Birth Defects
  3. Increasing Knowledge through Research
  1. Folate Intake: Consume 400 micrograms (mcg) of folate daily through natural forms found in leafy greens, fruits, and supplements. Avoid synthetic folic acid.
  2. Genetic Polymorphism Testing: Assess risks with tests like MTHFR, linked to increased birth defect and miscarriage risks.
  3. Regular Healthcare Visits: Initiate prenatal care early, stay informed about medications and vaccines, and be your own advocate.
  4. Avoid Alcohol, Smoking, and Drugs: Eliminate alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy, as they pose severe risks. Say no to marijuana and other drugs.
  5. Prevent Infections: Guard against infections during pregnancy to avoid harm to the developing baby.
  6. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Obesity before pregnancy increases complications and birth defect risks.
  7. Medication Consultation: Discuss all medications, prescription or over-the-counter, with a healthcare provider before and during pregnancy.
  8. Age Consideration: Understand that the likelihood of birth defects increases with age; younger pregnancies have lower risks.